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Understanding Coronavirus

The outbreak of Coronavirus disease is one of the things that many people all over the world will not forget in a hurry. Even as several scientists are working day and night to develop vaccines and significant breakthroughs have been made, we still have a long way to go.

The significant effects of the coronavirus on all age groups and socio-economic aspects is something that the whole world is still recovering from. Emerging from Wuhan, China, this virus which has symptoms similar to flu or cold has more severe effects on particular groups of the population. Its ease of spreading through sneezing, breathing, coughing, hand contact, talking, etc. further makes it difficult to curb. Here is a virus that can survive on objects for some time, and anyone can easily contract it by touching such infected items.

While coronaviruses are not novel and have been responsible for causing serious diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and mild ones such as common cold, COVID-19 is a new variant which spreads faster and with more significant effects. It was discovered to affect older people and those with other health conditions the most and the effects on children is mild when compared with these.

Symptoms of COVID-19

The common signs of the COVID-19 include;

  • All the symptoms of flu or common colds such as sneezing, runny nose, cough, aches and pains, and sore throat,
  • Fever,
  • Tiredness,
  • Irritability,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • Altered of loss of smell or taste.

The symptoms of this can appear at the early stages of the infection, lasting between 2 and 5 days and, at times, recovery might take weeks. This usually depends on the severity of the illness.

The symptoms also vary from one person to another. In some people, there won’t be any symptoms while in some, there could be mild symptoms, and in some cases, the effects can be very severe. This is mostly in older people and those who have health problems beforehand.

What to do when you observe the signs

If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, then you should immediately contact the Healthdirect line or call the Coronavirus Health Information line. On the call, you will be expected to describe the symptoms and also give your reason for thinking you or the person has the virus. Once you have done this, you will be advised accordingly as to the next steps.

One of the typical advices is for you to go to a General Practitioner, a screening clinic, or a local hospital. You should also follow all guidelines and precautions for movements.



The common test is a nose and throat swab.


Since there is no specific treatment yet, the doctor or health professional will usually recommend general practices like rest, fluids, and some drugs.